• L. Molchanov
  • N. Arendach
  • Y. Synehin


Ultra Low Carbon (ULC) steels have good formability and a superior surface quality. These advantages provide their use as automobile panels since the latter half of the 1980s. This automobile panel material is normally produced by cold rolling and annealing after hot rolling, in which hot rolling is usually finished in the austenite region at the elevated temperature [1].


Ultra Low Carbon Interstitial Free Steels [Electronic resource] – Resource access mode:

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Haiyan Tang, Jinwen Liu, Shuo Zhang, Xiaochen Guo, Jiaquan Zhang (2019). A novel dual plugs gas blowing mode for efficient ladle metallurgy, Ironmaking & Steelmaking, doi: 10.1080/03019233.2019.1576270

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