Inclusions removal by using centrifugal force in CCM tundish
The methods for non-metallic inclusions removal from steel for ladle treatment, CCM tundish and a CCM mold is discussed. It is proposed to classify steel refining methods into two groups: mechanical (blowing steel with an inert gas, electromagnetic stirring, etc.) and physical and chemical (NMIs modification, slag treatment, rational deoxidation mode). Particular attention is paid to methods aimed at a vortex forming in which NMIs flow to vortex axis due to centrifugal force. According to the calculation, the most rational way is the tangential supply of metal into the rotary chamber of the tundish. In this case, the kinetic energy of the jet flowing from the teeming ladle is used to create a vortex. According to the calculations, this energy should be enough to rotate the fluid at a speed of more than 45 rpm, which is enough to remove macroinclusions from steel.
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